The new Nature-Based Early Childhood MEd Focus or Certificate program in the Department of Education at Antioch University New England trains teachers, administrators, and founders of nature preschools and forest kindergartens. The forest kindergarten movement has been thriving in Europe for the last three decades and has recently taken root in the United States. Simultaneously, there has been a growing number of nature preschools in the United States. Both nature preschools and forest kindergartens have a uniquely different approach to curriculum than conventional indoor early childhood programs. Currently, there is a lack of professional development, training and leadership in this new field of nature-based early childhood education.
- To provide training and professional development for teachers who wish to teach in nature preschools and forest kindergartens.
- To provide training and professional development for entrepreneurs and administrators who wish to create and administer nature preschools and forest kindergartens.
- To provide training and professional development for early childhood education professionals who would like to incorporate more nature/outdoors programming in their existing early childhood programs.
- To create a network of nature preschools and forest kindergartens in New England to support visitation and support.
- To create resources, (ie. a website, policy books, parent education material) which support the development and evolution of these programs.
- To create living examples, documentation, and research
Real World Applications
The objective of the program, especially for the Professional Development participants, is to make the courses as practical as possible. Therefore, the goal for each course will be to have each student generate a product that is tangibly useful in his/her work situation. This will include program brochures, policy development, business plans, curriculum documentation materials a la Reggio, grant proposals and parent newsletters. Program faculty will provide assistance in content and tone so that founders of new programs can be supported in developing materials to launch their programs.
An excerpt from the poem, "There was a Child went Forth"
There was a child went forth every day; And the first object he look’d upon, that object he became; And that object became part of him for the day, or a certain part of the day, or for many years, or stretching cycles of years. The early lilacs became part of this child, And grass, and white and red morning-glories, and white and red clover, and the song of the phoebe-bird, And the Third-month lambs, and the sow’s pink-faint litter, and the mare’s foal, and the cow’s calf… ~Walt Whitman
Photography by Bob Bailie
Three options for involvement with the program will be available.
1. Nature-based Early Childhood Professional Development Certificate Program This is a teacher/administrator professional development option for current early childhood education professionals. Participants will take a set of courses over a period of 13 months, from summer to summer. Participants will be able to take these courses solely for continuing education credits, or for graduate school credits. The program will include 6-8 courses. If taken for credit, these courses will bear in the range of 12-15 credits. Participants who take these courses for credit will be able to transfer these credits into the Elementary & Early Childhood Teacher Certification/Integrated Learning Program within five years if they are interested in a Master’s Degree. 2. Nature-based Early Childhood Focus within the Elementary & Early Childhood Education Certification/Integrated Learning Program This option is available for fully matriculated students within the Elementary Education/Early Childhood Education Certification/Integrated Learning Program. The current early childhood certification option has been modified so that matriculated students can focus on traditional early childhood education certification or they can add a set of courses to specialize in the nature-based early childhood option. Students who elect this option will take as many credits as they desire in the nature-based early childhood area. These students wanting this emphasis will complete an early childhood internship in a nature pre-school/forest kindergarten setting. This series of courses will also be available as elective courses within the Experienced Educators program as well. However, just taking this set of courses will not qualify the student for recommendation for Early Childhood Education certification. 3. Non-matriculated Students Early childhood education professionals who are not matriculated students will be able to take some individual courses for CEU’s or graduate credit on a space available basis.
FIRST STEPS: HISTORY OF AUNE’S NATURE-BASED EDUCATION
In May 2012, the Antioch Center for School Renewal (ASCR) and Education faculty organized the first nature-based early childhood education gathering at Antioch University New England. Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens: What’s Going On Out There? was organized to provide a forum for early childhood educators, environmental educators, home-schooling parents, public school kindergarten teachers, and child center administrators who have founded or want to initiate nature-based programs for young children in New England. The conference featured keynote speakers David Sobel and Ginny Sullivan, workshop leaders Anne Stires and Zoe Foster from the Juniper Hill School in Maine, Susan Weber from Sophia’s Hearth in Keene, and Susie Spikol Faber from the Harris Center for Conservation Education in Hancock, New Hampshire. More than 80 participants from throughout New England attended. One said, “I’m so excited Antioch New England is offering this event—this is exactly what I’ve been looking for and I need.” Evaluation of the event indicated that participants were enthusiastic about the offerings and interested in future offerings. Another participant said, “I rarely go to a workshop or conference where every single component of the event is valuable and well done. That was true today.” The Education faculty organized two follow-up events in spring 2013. In March, Starting Off Right: Creating Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens, with Ken Finch, focused on the business planning aspects of starting programs. In May, In Bloom: Promising Practices in Nature-based Early Childhood, with keynote speakers Patti Bailie and Regina Fritz, attracted 100 early-childhood practitioners. We will continue to offer one-day professional development opportunities, as well as the more in-depth courses described below, in the following years.
Photography by Bob Bailie
1. Nature-based Early Childhood Curriculum EDC 509 (2 credits )
Offered July, 2014, faculty: Patti Bailie. Nature preschools and forest kindergartens have a uniquely different approach to curriculum than conventional indoor early childhood centers. This course will focus on the distinctive elements for outdoor programming for children aged three to six. Some topics will include the value of unstructured play, fostering independence, nature and language development, the balance of indoors and outdoors experience, interfacing with the conventional elementary curriculum in literacy, math and science, and connections to the community.
2. Childhood and Nature EDT 536 A (3 credits)
Offered July, 2014, faculty: David Sobel. When children have access to free play in natural areas, they do the same things, around the country and around the world. They make special places, go on adventures, develop fantasy games, go hunting and gathering, craft small worlds. These recurrent play patterns can be used as design principles to help structure engaging outdoor activities with children. During our days together, we'll recollect our own favorite childhood experiences and we'll spend time outside exploring some of these recurrent play patterns. We'll discuss the research on the relationship between childhood play in nature and environmental behavior in adults. Then we'll use these experiences to design new approaches to nature programming in early childhood programs, at schools, nature centers, and environmental programs.
3. Landscape Analysis & Design for Nature Play and Learning EDT 510 (1 credit)
Offered September, 2014 , faculty: Ginny Sullivan. Examining how experience in nature promotes engagement with the early childhood education standards. Understanding the roles of the teacher, the child, and the environment. Using and modifying the existing landscape. Site assessment, analysis and schematic design as tools to study the strengths and weaknesses of your location for a nature-based early childhood education program. Establishing boundaries, pathways, and destinations to support play and learning.
4. Natural History for Early Childhood EDC 503 (1 credit)
Offered October, 2014, faculty: Susie Spikol Faber and Janet Altobello. The best forest kindergarten teachers are both knowledgeable about early childhood education and knowledgeable about local natural history. This course will focus on learning the natural history of northern New England that most directly relates to being outdoors with children. Participants will learn the flora, fauna and natural phenomena and skills that effectively engage young children. Fire-building, basket-making, nature art, tracking, children’s literature as a vehicle to nature exploration, and wild edibles will be some of the topics considered. We’ll discuss both winter and spring natural history with a focus on how to keep children engaged under cold and/or wet conditions.
5. Movement and Storytelling in the Pre-K Classroom EDC 665 (1 credit)
Offered October, 2014, faculty: tbd. Movement and stories lay a healthy and joyful foundation for physical, emotional, social, and cognitive development in young children. This course will explore the importance of storytelling and movement in the daily life of children and in the classroom environment. Students will experience a variety of ways to use storytelling, puppetry, singing games, and practical activities to enrich the early childhood classroom.
6. Business Planning for Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens (2 credits) EDP 560
Offered January, 2015, faculty: Ken Finch. Starting a nature-based early childhood education program requires business savvy and financial planning. This course will address the nitty-gritty planning necessary to get a program up and running. We’ll focus on the creation of business plans, including: simple market analyses, promotion, site and facility needs, staffing requirements and options, the crucial income and expense projections, fundraising options and basic risk management issues. Participants will draft a three-year budget for their operation, rough out a promotional flyer and/or website, and prepare and practice persuasive verbal descriptions and “sales pitches” for their school. We’ll allocate plenty of time to share your own experiences and ideas, and will take a close look at existing models that have proven successful in the U.S.
7. Working with Parents and Community EDP 558 (1 credit)
8. Early Childhood Education Pre-K to 3rd EDC 648 (existing, 2 credits)
Offered February to April, 2015, faculty: Deb Kardane. This course will focus on teaching and learning in the early childhood classroom (Pre-K to 3rd Grade). Throughout the years that children spend in educational settings, their successful learning is dependent not just on instruction, but on personal connections with important adults who support and facilitate their learning. It is through these connections that children develop not only academic skills but also positive learning dispositions and confidence in themselves as learners. Warmth and responsiveness in care-giving creates the conditions within which young children can explore and learn about their world. Good early childhood curriculum does not come out of a box or a teacher-proof manual. Teachers need to know, understand, and use a wide array of effective approaches, strategies, and tools to positively influence young children's development and learning and need to recognize that every child constructs knowledge in personally and culturally familiar ways. Students will consider the preceding in the design, implementation, and evaluation of meaningful, challenging curriculum.
9. Risk Management for Nature-based Early Childhood EDP 562 (2 credits)
Offered May, 2014 & 2015, faculty: Anne Stires. Being outdoors with children in all weather requires another level of risk management beyond fire drills and correct sneezing instructions. Topics that will be considered include: hazard identification, appropriate planning for risk. What kinds of risky play to allow, (ie. tree climbing, skating) versus which to discourage, research on the relationship between nature play and health. This course will include opportunities to observe the program at the Juniper Hill School in Alna, Maine and conversation with the teachers about daily risk management decisions.
10. Advanced Topics in Nature-based Early Childhood EDT 650
Offered fall, spring and summer semesters. This course provides a crediting vehicle for students who participate in a variety of workshops and conferences at Antioch New England and other nature-based early childhood education workshops and conferences around the country. Students can participate in the Starting Out Right and In Bloom annual seminars and conferences and receive credit for participation plus additional work. Similarly, students could participate in similar experiences, such as the Irvine Nature Center conference in Maryland or the Nature Preschool Conference that is held at a different nature preschool site each year.
11. Internship in Nature Preschool or Forest Kindergarten ED 590 (3 credits)
Offered fall, spring and summer semesters. 300 hour internship in a recommended nature pre-school or forest kindergarten. This internship is for full-time matriculated students who are candidates for early childhood education certification in the Integrated Learning/Elementary and Early Childhood programs in the Education Department. Internships sites are chosen and or approved by Education faculty.
12. School Change Practicum in Nature Preschool/Forest Kindergarten EDC 516 (3 credits)
Offered fall, spring and summer semesters. 300 hour practicum in existing early childhood center or elementary school. This practicum is for public school teachers or early childhood education professionals who wish to initiate change in their home settings. These changes will focus on increasing the depth and extent of nature and outdoor time programming occurring in the natural world. Practica sites will be approved by the Education faculty. Practica participants will be visited by Education faculty in person when possible and via on-line vehicles when practica are geographically distant from the Keene campus. This would include, where feasible, visits from faculty and regular on-line consultation.
Photography by Bob Bailie
Required and Elective Courses
For Professional Development Certificate Programs (12-15 credits)
1. Required Courses (7 credits)
a. Nature-based Early Childhood Curriculum (2 credits)
b. Business Planning for Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens (2 credits)
c. Risk Management for Nature-based Early Childhood Education (2 credits)
d. Working with Parents and Community (1 credit)
2. Elective Courses (at least 5 credits required, 3 could be internship or practicum)
a. Early Childhood Education Pre-K to 3rd (2 credits)
b. Childhood and Nature (3 credits)
c. Landscape Analysis and Design for Nature Play and Learning (1 credit)
d. Natural History for Early Childhood (1 credit)
e. Movement and Storytelling in the Pre-K Classroom (1 credit)
f. Advanced Topics in Nature-based Early Childhood (credits variable)
g. Other Integrated Learning courses in Elementary/Early Childhood program
3. Internship/Practica (optional, not required, for certificate students)
a. Internship in Nature Preschool or Forest Kindergarten (3 credits)
b. School Change Practicum in Nature Preschool or Forest Kindergarten (3 credits)
Summer 2014 (Intensive, week-long courses.)
- Nature-based Early Childhood Curriculum (2 credits)
- Childhood and Nature (3 credits)
(Residential options at Keene State College or local Bed and Breakfasts. Nature-based Early Childhood Curriculum will be scheduled so it can be taken sequentially with Childhood and Nature.)
Fall 2014 (Weekend courses)
- Landscape Analysis and Design for Nature Play and Learning (1 credit)
- Natural History for Early Childhood (1 credit)
- Movement and Storytelling in the Pre-K Classroom (1 credit)
- Internship in Nature Preschool/Forest Kindergarten or Fellowship in Naturalizing Urban Early Childhood Education Program (3 credits)
Winter/Spring 2015 (Intensive week-long course and weekend courses)
- Business Planning for Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens (2 credits) (Intensive week program in Keene will include some winter recreation options—x-country skiing, skating, sledding, snowshoeing, snow fort-building, tracking.)
- Early Childhood Education Pre-K to 3rd (2 credits)
- Working with Parents and Community (1 credit)
- Internship in Nature Preschool/ Forest Kindergarten or Fellowship in Naturalizing Urban Early Childhood Education Program (3 credits)
Summer 2015 (Intensive week-long courses)
- Risk Management for Nature-based Early Childhood Education (2 credits) (Residential at Juniper Hill School and Chewonki Foundation in Maine in May between spring and summer semesters while Juniper Hill School is still in session.)
- Nature-based Early Childhood Curriculum (2 credits)
- Childhood and Nature (3 credits)
Advanced Topics in Nature-based Early Childhood (credits variable)
Photography by Bob Bailie
The projected cost of the program for students in the Nature-based Early Childhood Education program is based on a per/credit cost of $625/credit. For 12-15 credits, this means the program will cost somewhere between $7500 and $9,375.
In addition, students should anticipate the cost of residencies in Keene and Maine for the duration of the program. There will be approximately four weeks of residency during the program at the cost of approximately $400 per week for room and board. In addition, there will be perhaps five weekends of residency during the program at the cost of approximately $200 per weekend.
Education staff will provide lists of accommodations to assist students in finding appropriate, economical accommodations.
For academic year 2013-2014, AUNE has received a grant from the Storer Foundation to support tuition assistance for non-matriculated students and funded fellowships in inner city early childhood education centers for matriculated students. The goal of these fellowships will be to assist in “naturalizing” inner city early childhood education programs.
Pending approval of future funding requests, we are hoping that this tuition assistance will be available in 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 as well.
1. Tuition Assistance for Non-Matriculated Students.
Initially, there will be sixty five tuition assistance grants available for each credit worth of courses during the academic year.
Tuition assistance will be applied to those non-matriculated students registering for graduate credit only. No tuition assistance is available for students registering to audit courses. Tuition assistance will be available in chunks of $235/credit, with graduate credit being $465/credit for non-matriculated students, this means that the cost/credit will be reduced to $230/credit.
2. Inner City Fellowships for Matriculated Students.
Funding is available to support five matriculated students to participate in internships in inner city early childhood programs. The goal of these internships will be to naturalize these early childhood programs by providing more outdoor time, modeling outdoors activities for teachers, conducting professional development for existing staff, and bringing nature and community studies into the indoors curriculum. Fellowship students are eligible for $5,000 stipends if they participate in these inner city fellowships.
Photography by Bob Bailie
Transferring Credits into Certificate or Graduate Programs
As we will begin to offer courses for credit prior to receiving approval to grant the Nature-based Early Childhood Education Certificate, we need to specify the extent to which courses taken prior to the approval of the certificate program can be transferred in an applied to qualification for the certificate.
Since the courses that occur prior to the approval of the certificate will be essentially the same as the courses offered once the certificate is approved, it is reasonable to allow transfer of pre-approval credits into qualifying for the certificate. Therefore, all courses taken for credit during the 2013-2014 academic year will be transferrable into a certificate or M.Ed program.
For the 2014-15 year, the guideline for graduate programs is that students can transfer in up to 15% of credits towards a certificate or degree. Therefore,
a. non-matriculated students will be allowed to transfer in up to three (3) credits of previous Nature-based Early Childhood coursework to qualify for the twelve to fifteen (12-15) credit certificate.
b. non-matriculated students will be allowed to transfer in up to six (6) credits of previous Nature-based Early Childhood coursework to qualify for the 40 or more credit M.Ed in Early Childhood with focus in NbEC degree.
Photography by Bob Bailie
Conferences & Workshops
This May, Antioch University New England is hosting two day-long conferences in Nature-based Early Childhood Education. In Bloom in Boston: Nature-based Urban Early Childhood Education will be held at Mass Audubon’s Boston Nature Center from 9:00am-4:00pm on Tuesday, May 13. Keynote by David Sobel is “Why 21st Century Children Need Nature.” Pattie Bailie will present the afternoon keynote, “Nature-based Early Childhood Education in an Urban Setting.” See the complete workshop schedule here: Conference Brochure
The In Bloom in Boston conference is co-sponsored by the Mass Audubon’s Boston Nature Center and the George B. Storer Foundation. In its third year at AUNE, In Bloom in Keene: Promising Practices in Nature-based Early Childhood Education will be held from 9:00am –4:00pm on Friday, May 16. The conference will host two keynotes Erin Kenny and Ann Pelo, both from the Pacific northwest, along with many workshop presentations. An evening campfire with music and storytelling will close the day at the Harris Center for Conservation Education in Hancock. See the complete workshop schedule here: Conference Brochure
Conference participants are invited to attend the May Festival and Plant Sale from 8:30am-12:00n at Sophia’s Hearth Family Center on Saturday, May 17. The Harris Center for Conservation Education, Sophia’s Hearth Family Center and The George B. Storer Foundation are co-sponsor of In Bloom in Keene.
Published Articles about Nature-based Early Childhood Education
"Nature-based education...offers us a glimpse of what childhood used to be, and still could be...:the nature preschool and the forest kindergarten. If we looked to these examples, we might be able to rescue childhood," David Sobel writes in The Best Way to Learn About a Tree. It's in the Spring 2014 issue of Yes! magazine.
For more news on Forest Kindergarten initiatives in New England, see the blog of Eliza Minnucci, implementing Forest Fridays in her Kindergarten classroom at the Ottauquechee School in Quechee, Vermont. Antioch New England graduate student Riley Hopeman is doing an internship in this classroom now. Blog is at: http://mrsminnucci.wordpress.
Message from a public school Kindergarten teacher and student in the Nature-based Early Childhood Curriculum class to faculty member Patti Bailie.
Dear Patti, I wanted to share with you what happened this morning. It was Monday, our regular "Nature Hike' day, but it had been a few weeks since we'd been out. (Weather, vacations, sick days etc) Last week we went out, but it was icy so we turned back. Today, I explained we were going out and a cheer went up! We spent some time talking about why snowshoes work (surface area, etc). We spent some time going over the strap procedure and the importance of everyone needing to try to get the snowshoes on themselves before asking for help. Then we set off to the 'back forty' -- the far end of the recess area. The kids were marvelous. No one complained. Many were able to get their shoes on by themselves. Everyone fell at least once and just got up again. They ran, they shouted, they maneuvered, they showed me that next week on the trail will be brilliant, (especially if we get the predicted snow on Wednesday). All I could think as they were showing their stuff, was...Wow! If I hadn't taken that Nature Preschool class last summer, I never would have done this. So, I wanted to say, again, Thank you. Our weekly Nature Hikes have brought so much to our class. They deserve it, and I am so pleased with the results. I am very grateful. -Elizabeth Feinberg
Check back soon for links to other Nature-based Early Childhood Education institutions, programs and organizations