Multicultural Process and Outcome Research – Document 3

Roysircar, G., Hubbell, R., & Gard, G. (in press). Multicultural research on counselor and client variables: A relational perspective. In D. Pope-Davis, H. L. K. Coleman, W. M. Liu, & R. L. Toporek (Eds.), Handbook of multicultural competency. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Multicultural counseling is a professional response to individuals from racial and cultural minority groups based on the assumptions that: cultural heritage and norms influence the worldviews of clients and counselors; U.S. race/ethnic relations, prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination account for substantial client stress; and, the exploration of racial and cultural issues is relevant to treatment. Multicultural competence, includes general and multicultural skills, cultural self- and other-awareness, multicultural relationship, and cultural knowledge. The authors of this writing explore research concerning the impact of counselor variables on multicultural process and outcome in terms of counselor cultural and racial awareness, application of cultural knowledge, recognition of dyadic racial dynamics, and counselor interface with minority client mistrust. Implications and future directions of research findings for these counselor variables are discussed. A final section looks at counseling process and outcome from the general factors model, showing its relevance to multicultural counseling.

Copyright © Gargi Roysircar, Department of Clinical Psychology, Antioch University New England, 2002


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