This instrument is based on social psychological constructs of ethnic identity, measuring the implicit as well as the explicit features of one’s ethnic identification with a reference group; the relationships of ethnic identity with acculturative stress, collective self-esteem, perception of prejudice, and fear of losing face; the relationships of religion, intrinsic religious orientation, and extrinsic religious orientation with ethnic identity; and the relationship of ethnic identity with sociopolitical consciousness.
Gargi R. Sodowsky
Select Representative References
Kuo, P. Y., & Roysircar-Sodowsky, G. (1999). Political ethnic identity versus cultural ethnic identity: An understanding of research on Asian Americans. In D. S. Sandhu (Ed.), Asian and Pacific Islander Americans: Issues and concerns for counseling and psychotherapy (pp. 71-90). New York: Nova Sciences.
Kwan, K. L., & Sodowsky, G. R. (1997). Internal and external ethnic identity and their correlates: A study of Chinese American immigrants. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 25, 52-68.
Kwan, K.L.K. (1997). Ethnic identity and cultural adjustment difficulties of Chinese-Americans. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 57 (7-B), 1-121.
Kwan, K.L.K. (2000). The Internal-External Ethnic Identity measure: Factor-analytic structures based on a sample of Chinese-Americans. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 60(1), 142-152.
Roysircar-Sodowsky, G., & Maestas, M. (2000). Acculturation, ethnic identity, and acculturative stress: Evidence and measurement. In R. H. Dana (Ed.), Handbook of cross cultural and multicultural personality assessment (pp. 131- 72). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Roysircar-Sodowsky, G., & Maestas, M. V. (2002). Assessment of acculturation and cultural variables. In K. S. Kurasaki, S. Okazaki, & S. Sue (Eds.), Asian American mental health: Assessment theories and methods (pp. 77-94). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Sodowsky, G. R., Kwan, K. L., & Pannu, R. (1995). Ethnic identity of Asians in the United States. In J. G. Ponterotto, J. M. Cases, L. A. Suzuki & C. M. Alexander (Eds.), Handbook of multicultural counseling (pp. 123 154). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.