James S. Gruber, PE, PhD, MS, MPA

Core Faculty and Director of the Environmental Studies PhD Program
Department of Environmental Studies

Professional Career

License: Professional Civil Engineer (P.E.) State of New Hampshire, USA

1995-Current Core Faculty Member, Environmental Studies Department, Antioch University New England, Keene, New Hampshire:
Academic areas of focus and primary areas of teaching: Environmental Policy, Ecological Economics, Neoclassical Economics, Building Sustainable Organizations, Financial Management for Public and Non-Profit Organizations, and Proposal Development and Grant Writing. Lecturer in Social Aspects on Conservation and Development, Environmental Consulting and Assistance, and Solid Waste Management.

1993- Current Founding Executive Director and Co-Founder of Antioch New England Institute (ANEI) of Antioch University New England, Keene, NH
Co-Founded and Directed Antioch New England Institute (ANEI). ANEI promotes a vibrant and sustainable environment, economy, and society by encouraging informed civic engagement.~ It provides training, programs, and resources (U.S. and international) in leadership development, community capacity building, environmental education, and environmental policy development and implementation. Responsible for directing the Institute, developing Institute programs and staff, and directing community initiatives. Over 60 local, regional, and international initiatives/projects are either on-going or have been competed during the last 15 years (www.anei.org). The work of the Institute has been recognized through numerous awards by state and regional organizations.

1992-1994 Executive Director, Greater Upper Valley Solid Waste Management District, Vermont
As first Executive Director, developed and managed implementation of eleven-town district programs including: ordinance drafting; creating financial management systems; community negotiations; long-range financial planning; developing a regional recycling program and landfill. Proposed and negotiated a two-state consolidated solid waste program. This includes a double-lined landfill facility in Lebanon, NH; a recycling and household hazardous waste facility in Hartford, VT; a replacement landfill in Vermont; and comprehensive educational program managed by the Vermont solid waste district.

1985-1992 Acting Town Manager and Assistant Town Manager
Town of Hartford, Vermont
Managed and administered all functions, services, activities of Town government under direction of Town Manager or Board of Selectmen. Prepared and provided oversight on $6.5 million annual budget. Drafted ordinances, planned and prepared capital budget, developed and implemented a range of user and environmental impact fee programs, and supervised staff (140 employees). Converted the unlined landfill into a comprehensive, $1.5 million state-of-the-art recycling, household hazardous waste, environmental education and waste management facility. This facility has received national recognition from Congress and the White House for its innovative approach to facilitating change through education.

1992-1994 Assistant City Manager – Consultant City of Lebanon, New Hampshire
Manage special projects including developing a joint, two-state, Upper Valley solid waste program; negotiating Police and Public Works union contracts; developing a Public Access Cable Television system including creating a non-profit corporation and executing a franchise contract; and developing a city-wide bikeway system including conversion of an abandoned rail-bed to a bikeway.

1983-1984 Civil Engineer (PE) State of New Hampshire, Department of Transportation
Supervised public works construction contractors for New Hampshire DOT.

1979-1983 Project Manager Total Environmental Action Foundation, Keene, New Hampshire
Advised state and federal agencies (T.V.A., H.U.D., D.O.E., and states of MA, PA, NH, and NY) on energy conservation and renewable energy policies, codes and programs.

1976-1978 Town Engineer Town of Swansea, Massachusetts
Public works and facilities engineer including landfill, composting, highways, and parks.


New Hampshire Community Technical Assistance Project (CTAP) for Local Government Growth Planning (2004-current). Direct the CTAP initiative which provides land-use planning support and technical assistance for the 26 towns and cities affected by the anticipated widening of interstate highway I-93. This work includes engaging local governments, local nonprofits and state government agencies in both planning the technical assistance that is needed and in providing this assistance over a five-year period. Through CTAP towns have a unique opportunity to work together with neighboring communities to plan for shared long-term needs.

Cool Monadnock (2007-current) Co-director of a joint initiative with Clean Air- Cool Planet to achieve energy and greenhouse gas reduction through community action in the Monadnock Region of New Hampshire. This three year initiative, in close cooperation with local governments, will conduct energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions through audits and technical assistance.

The New Hampshire Selectperson Institute (1999-current). Co-founded and directed the Selectperson Institute that has already served over 70 New Hampshire towns. It includes sessions on management and leadership, as well as technical issues faced by Board of Selectmen members everywhere.~ It also focuses on giving participants the skills necessary to engage their constituents in developing and implementing policies and programs for their communities.~ These skills can help avoid litigation, bridge divisions within the town, enhance volunteerism and improve community life.

A Recycling-Based Economy for Sullivan County, New Hampshire (2005-current). Designed this regional initiative that includes developing, through a broad multi-stakeholder process, a sustainable, recycling-based integrated waste management program that emphasizes both reducing the volume and toxicity of waste through recycling, waste reduction, reuse, composting, proper management of household hazardous waste, and effective management of residuals.~ The plan will explore economic development opportunities that promote public-private partnerships for waste management and strive to maximize job creation opportunities.

Volunteerism, Civic Engagement and Philanthropy in the Baltics (2001-2003). Worked with communities in the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) to develop community action and resource distribution through the establishment of nonprofit community foundations. These community foundations were established through a broad citizen engagement process in six communities and now serve as local community forums and catalysts for community change. We worked in partnership with the Baltic-American Partnership Fund, Quebec-Labrador Foundation, and national nongovernmental organizations and civic leaders in each of the six communities.

Keene Pathways and Monadnock Pathways (1993-1995 and 2006-current). Consulted with the City of Keene and a local citizens’ group, Pathways for Keene, in order to engage citizens in planning and building an extensive bike and pedestrian pathway system throughout the city. Recent success of the growing use of the multi-use pathways systems in the Monadnock Region of New Hampshire has led to a need to convene a wide range of stakeholders and develop an umbrella organization in order to collaboratively coordinate efforts of numerous local user groups.

Bulgarian National Solid Waste Policy (1994-1998). Assisted Bulgaria’s Ministry of Environment to design and implement a national environmental solid waste policy. The policy development process under contract with the Institute for Sustainable Communities included developing a series of trainings, seminars, and conferences for Ministry staff, local government, and other stakeholders; developing workbooks and manuals; providing technical and policy assistance; assisting with public hearings; supporting their development of local plans and model local ordinances; organizing and conducting a Ministry delegation seminar in the U.S., supporting the drafting of a national policy and the introduction of new national solid waste legislation. After passage of national legislation (1996), a national training program was organized for local government implementation of the legislation. Work was done under a partnership with the Institute for Sustainable Communities.

The New Hampshire Rural Community Toxic Waste Project (1997-1998). Provided, in partnership with the Southwest Regional Planning Commission, a technical assistance and training program to 59 rural towns in New Hampshire, enabling them to work cooperatively to develop regional, comprehensive, long-term programs for household and small-quantity business hazardous waste disposal.


    • Vermont’s Energy Future ; Facilitator for community forum
    • The New Hampshire Local Government Leadership Institute ; Co-Founder and Instructor
    • New Hampshire’s Selectperson Institute- Co-Founder and Instructor
    • Governor’s Solid Waste Technical Advisory Committee, Vermont- Member
    • New Hampshire Great Bay Estuarine Reserve Plan ; Consultant
    • The Institute for Nonprofit Management – Instructor
    • Vermont State Solid Waste Plan – Consultant
    • Planning Committee for US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Household Hazardous Waste Conference- Member
    • U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Waste Paint Recycling Committee – Member
    • Vermont Solid Waste Plan Revision ; Consultant
    • Northern Sustainable Communities Network ; Consultant
    • New Hampshire Community 20/20 Leadership Initiative ; Consultant
    • Keene Resource Awareness Center – Consultant
    • US National Energy Code ; Consultant
    • Coburn Woods, New Hampshire, Community Environmental Management Plan ; Consultant
    • Vermont Act 200 (Growth Bill) Legislative Committee- Member
    • State of Rhode Island Eco-Depot and Recycling Education Center – Consultant
    • Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund – Consultant
    • Copicut Woods, Massachusetts: A Plan for Community Environmental Programs -Consultant
    • Tennessee Valley Authority Residential Energy Policy ; Consultant
    • State of Pennsylvania Housing Energy Conservation Initiative ; Consultant
    • State of Massachusetts Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Programs – Consultant