Practice patterns of Maine psychologists: A survey
Lynda Dunn Johnson (2000)
The objective of this study was to investigate relevant practice issues, especially rural practice patterns, facing Maine psychologists licensed by the Maine Board of Psychology. This was a descriptive study that aimed to further understand practice patterns of Maine psychologists. This study examined Maine psychologists' demographics, scope of practice, primary referral sources, the role of consultation in practice, major treatment issues, current practice location, coverage issues, and need for visibility in rural communities. There was a 63% response rate overall, and a 53% response rate for surveys alone. Maine psychologists provide a broad array of services, treat a broad range of ages and treatment issues. This study demonstrated that Maine psychologists engage in a variety of professional roles. Three-quarters of Maine psychologists consult, about one-half engage in administration, and a third do program development. Overall, psychologists in Maine maintained minimal crisis coverage, reasonable travel distances to work, and minimal need for accessibility to the community. A low percentage (34%) of Maine psychologists receive regular supervision; however, the majority of Maine psychologists consult with professional peers weekly or more frequently. This study did not support the theory that rural Maine psychologists practice differently than urban Maine psychologists. There was no difference between rural and urban practice patterns in terms of range of ages treated or types of diagnoses treated.