An examination of multiple roles training in clinical psychology: A program evaluation

Jonathan R. Day (2005)

Results from a systematic examination of self-study surveys of Antioch New England's Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology and from the American Psychological Association's Doctorate Employment Survey showed a wide diversity of professional employment roles and a low incidence of unemployment. Antioch graduates reported their primary professional identity overwhelmingly as practitioners with a broad expression of secondary role identification. Independent practice was cited as the primary employment setting for Antioch graduates, whereas the modal response of recent graduates of APA doctoral programs indicated primary employment in university and educational settings. Medical centers, managed care, community mental health centers, human service, business consultation and other settings made up the remainder of primary employment settings. A majority of Antioch graduates identified more than one employment setting in which they had a professional role. More than 80% of Antioch respondents reported agreement that they were engaged in multiple roles of professional practice. Implications of results show a continued need for the integration of scientifically derived knowledge with pragmatic clinical application in the educational preparation and development of core competencies of professionally trained psychologists. Further examination of doctoral level education and training preparation in psychology is encouraged given the expanded areas of professional competencies and augmented professional roles to address the extensive social and health-related issues facing our diverse populace.