A comprehensive review of adolescent residential treatment outcome studies

Peter Daniel Lique Naitove (2002)

There are more than 100,000 adolescents with serious behavioral and emotional disorders currently placed in residential treatment centers (RTCs) across the nation. As trends indicate that the public use of RTCs is rising, there also are mounting questions about the effectiveness of such programs. The few attempts in the past 30 years to review the outcome literature for adolescent RTCs have illustrated significant methodological challenges when studying this treatment population. There is a need for a current review that is comprehensive and focused on adolescents placed in primarily non-medical, non-hospital-based residential treatment settings. This dissertation provides a comprehensive review of adolescent residential treatment outcome literature since 1975. The review focuses its findings on variables related to characteristics of treatment populations, research designs, treatment methods, and outcome measures.